Federal Council of Caroline and Ontong Java
Federal Council The Federal Council holds both the executive and legislative powers of the federation. The council comprises of 52 members: the 4 local presidents and 12 representatives from each of the 4 local parliaments. The system is designed in a way whereby the all countries hold an equal power in the federation, regardless of cultural and/or economical status. The number of representatives from each country is adjusted accordingly to the number of federal ministries. The Federal Council also handle the affairs of the Federal Capital Territory.
The 4 local presidents collectively is the head of the federation and leads the Federal Council. The ceremonial position of Federal President is rotated between the 4 local presidents. After serving a mandatory two years, the Federal President becomes Federal Vice President for the next two years.
The Cabinet of Ca'onja holds the executive power of the federation. The 12-members Cabinet comprise of federal ministers elected by the Federal Council. The 12 Federal Ministries are:
- Commerce and Industry
- Communications, Infrastructure and Transport
- Culture and Social Development
- Education, Science and Future Techologies
- Environment and Climate Change
- Foreign Affairs
- Home Affairs and Justice
- Resources and Food Security
Local Parliaments The 4 countries have its own parliament elected by the people. The parliament then elects a president and cabinet to lead the country. In practice, the leader of the ruling party becomes the president. The local parliaments must abide by the laws and policies set forth by the Federal Council, though there are some degree of autonomy.
According to the constitution, the country's parliament dissolves once its president had served one-term as the Federal President. In practice, a parliamentary term lasts 8 years, given that there are 4 local presidents rotationally serving as Federal President. The current practice is that the president serves as Federal President on its 3rd year, then as Federal Vice President on its 5th year, before dissolving the parliament at the end of the 8th year.
Current Local Presidents
- Bwanaba: TBA
- Eauripik: Vacant
- Nukuoro: Martina Rande-Olea
- Sorol: Lucius Hoffman
Current Size of Parliament
- Bwanaba: TBA
- Eauripik: 98 seats
- Nukuoro: TBA
- Sorol: TBA
Nomination Day is then held on the second Friday after the Writ issuance, allowing eligible electors and political parties to nominate himself/herself/a candidate to an electoral district it would like to contest for. At the end of Nomination Day, any districts with only 1 candidate will have no contest and is elected. Districts with more than 1 candidates will have a contest to determine the winner. Campaigning typically begins a day after Nomination Day, lasting till Polling Day. Polling Day takes place on the sixth Friday after the Writ issuance. As Polling Day falls on a Friday, the day will be declared a public holiday.
Upcoming General Elections
- 2018/10 - Eauripik General Elections (early)
- 2020 - Bwanaba General Elections
- 2020 - Sorol General Elections
- 2024 - Nukuoro General Elections
From independence onwards, the UA achieved a simple majority in most general elections. It is not until the early 1970s that the UA achieved eventually supermajority (two-thirds majority), largely due to more major parties joining the alliance, at the beginning of the Sorol Civil War. The 70s and 80s also saw a period where walkovers are common due to a lack of contest in favour of the federation.
The Asian Financial Crisis of 1997 led to the emergence of small independence movements across the country. It is not until the Great Recession of the late 2000s that the independence movements gained small political victories in the general elections. The 2000s also saw the rise of Islamism in both Sorol and Eauripik, gaining small political victories in the 2010s. Nonetheless, the UA still retains the supermajority across the federation.
Current Ruling Parties
- Bwanaba: United Alliance of Bwanaba (supermajority)
- Eauripik: United Alliance of Eauripik (supermajority)
- Nukuoro: United Alliance of Nukuoro (supermajority)
- Sorol: United Alliance of Sorol (supermajority)